Publish Events to AMQP (RabbitMQ)

MinIO supports publishing bucket notification events to a AMQP 0-9-1 service endpoint such as RabbitMQ.

MinIO relies on the streadway/amqp project for AMQP connectivity. The project is primarily tested against RabbitMQ deployments, though other AMQP 0-9-1-compatible services may also work. The procedures on this page assume a RabbitMQ deployment using the AMQP 0-9-1 protocol as the service endpoint.

Add an AMQP Endpoint to a MinIO Deployment

The following procedure adds a new AMQP service endpoint for supporting bucket notifications in a MinIO deployment.

Prerequisites

AMQP 0-9-1 Service Endpoint

MinIO relies on the streadway/amqp project for AMQP connectivity. The project is primarily tested against RabbitMQ deployments, though other AMQP 0-9-1-compatible services may also work. This procedure assumes a RabbitMQ deployment using the 0-9-1 protocol as the service endpoint.

If the AMQP service requires authentication, you must provide an appropriate username and password during the configuration process to grant MinIO access to the service.

MinIO mc Command Line Tool

This procedure uses the mc command line tool for certain actions. See the mc Quickstart for installation instructions.

1) Add the AMQP Endpoint to MinIO

You can configure a new AMQP service endpoint using either environment variables or by setting runtime configuration settings.

MinIO supports specifying the AMQP service endpoint and associated configuration settings using environment variables. The minio server process applies the specified settings on its next startup.

The following example code sets all environment variables related to configuring an AMQP service endpoint. The minimum required variables are MINIO_NOTIFY_AMQP_ENABLE and MINIO_NOTIFY_AMQP_URL:

set MINIO_NOTIFY_AMQP_ENABLE_<IDENTIFIER>="on"
set MINIO_NOTIFY_AMQP_URL_<IDENTIFIER>="<ENDPOINT>"
set MINIO_NOTIFY_AMQP_EXCHANGE_<IDENTIFIER>="<string>"
set MINIO_NOTIFY_AMQP_EXCHANGE_TYPE_<IDENTIFIER>="<string>"
set MINIO_NOTIFY_AMQP_ROUTING_KEY_<IDENTIFIER>="<string>"
set MINIO_NOTIFY_AMQP_MANDATORY_<IDENTIFIER>="<string>"
set MINIO_NOTIFY_AMQP_DURABLE_<IDENTIFIER>="<string>"
set MINIO_NOTIFY_AMQP_NO_WAIT_<IDENTIFIER>="<string>"
set MINIO_NOTIFY_AMQP_INTERNAL_<IDENTIFIER>="<string>"
set MINIO_NOTIFY_AMQP_AUTO_DELETED_<IDENTIFIER>="<string>"
set MINIO_NOTIFY_AMQP_DELIVERY_MODE_<IDENTIFIER>="<string>"
set MINIO_NOTIFY_AMQP_QUEUE_DIR_<IDENTIFIER>="<string>"
set MINIO_NOTIFY_AMQP_QUEUE_LIMIT_<IDENTIFIER>="<string>"
set MINIO_NOTIFY_AMQP_COMMENT_<IDENTIFIER>="<string>"
  • Replace <IDENTIFIER> with a unique descriptive string for the AMQP service endpoint. Use the same <IDENTIFIER> value for all environment variables related to the new AMQP service endpoint. The following examples assume an identifier of PRIMARY.

    If the specified <IDENTIFIER> matches an existing AMQP service endpoint on the MinIO deployment, the new settings override any existing settings for that endpoint. Use mc admin config get notify_amqp to review the currently configured AMQP endpoints on the MinIO deployment.

  • Replace <ENDPOINT> with the URL of the AMQP service endpoint. For example:

    amqp://user:password@hostname:port

See AMQP Service for Bucket Notifications for complete documentation on each environment variable.

MinIO supports adding or updating AMQP endpoints on a running minio server process using the mc admin config set command and the notify_amqp configuration key. You must restart the minio server process to apply any new or updated configuration settings.

The following example code sets all settings related to configuring an AMQP service endpoint. The minimum required setting is notify_amqp url:

mc admin config set ALIAS/ notify_amqp:IDENTIFIER \
  url="ENDPOINT" \
  exchange="<string>" \
  exchange_type="<string>" \
  routing_key="<string>" \
  mandatory="<string>" \
  durable="<string>" \
  no_wait="<string>" \
  internal="<string>" \
  auto_deleted="<string>" \
  delivery_mode="<string>" \
  queue_dir="<string>" \
  queue_limit="<string>" \
  comment="<string>"
  • Replace IDENTIFIER with a unique descriptive string for the AMQP service endpoint. The following examples in this procedure assume an identifier of PRIMARY.

    If the specified IDENTIFIER matches an existing AMQP service endpoint on the MinIO deployment, the new settings override any existing settings for that endpoint. Use mc admin config get notify_amqp to review the currently configured AMQP endpoints on the MinIO deployment.

  • Replace ENDPOINT with the URL of the AMQP service endpoint. For example:

    amqp://user:password@hostname:port

See AMQP Bucket Notification Configuration Settings for complete documentation on each setting.

2) Restart the MinIO Deployment

You must restart the MinIO deployment to apply the configuration changes. Use the mc admin service restart command to restart the deployment.

mc admin service restart ALIAS

Replace ALIAS with the alias of the deployment to restart.

The minio server process prints a line on startup for each configured AMQP target similar to the following:

SQS ARNs: arn:minio:sqs::primary:amqp

You must specify the ARN resource when configuring bucket notifications with the associated AMQP deployment as a target.

Identifying the ARN for your bucket notifications

You defined the <IDENTIFIER> to assign to the target ARN for your bucket notifications when creating the endpoint previously. The steps below return the ARNs configured on the deployment. Identify the ARN created previously by looking for the <IDENTIFIER> you specified.

Review the JSON output

  1. Copy and run the following command, replacing ALIAS with the alias of the deployment.

    mc admin info --json ALIAS
    
  2. In the JSON output, look for the key info.sqsARN.

    The ARN you need is the value of that key that matches the <IDENTIFIER> you specified.

    For example, arn:minio:sqs::primary:amqp.

Use jq to parse the JSON for the value

  1. Install jq

  2. Copy and run the following command, replacing ALIAS with the alias of the deployment.

    mc admin info --json ALIAS | jq  .info.sqsARN
    

    This returns the ARN to use for notifications, such as arn:minio:sqs::primary:amqp

3) Configure Bucket Notifications using the AMQP Endpoint as a Target

Use the mc event add command to add a new bucket notification event with the configured AMQP service as a target:

mc event add ALIAS/BUCKET arn:minio:sqs::primary:amqp \
  --event EVENTS
  • Replace ALIAS with the alias of a MinIO deployment.

  • Replace BUCKET with the name of the bucket in which to configure the event.

  • Replace EVENTS with a comma-separated list of events for which MinIO triggers notifications.

Use mc event list to view all configured bucket events for a given notification target:

mc event list ALIAS/BUCKET arn:minio:sqs::primary:amqp

4) Validate the Configured Events

Perform an action on the bucket for which you configured the new event and check the AMQP service for the notification data. The action required depends on which events were specified when configuring the bucket notification.

For example, if the bucket notification configuration includes the s3:ObjectCreated:Put event, you can use the mc cp command to create a new object in the bucket and trigger a notification.

mc cp ~/data/new-object.txt ALIAS/BUCKET

Update an AMQP Endpoint in a MinIO Deployment

The following procedure updates an existing AMQP service endpoint for supporting bucket notifications in a MinIO deployment.

Prerequisites

AMQP 0-9-1 Service Endpoint

MinIO relies on the streadway/amqp project for AMQP connectivity. The project is primarily tested against RabbitMQ deployments, though other AMQP 0-9-1-compatible services may also work. This procedure assumes a RabbitMQ deployment as the service endpoint.

If the AMQP service requires authentication, you must provide an appropriate username and password during the configuration process to grant MinIO access to the service.

MinIO mc Command Line Tool

This procedure uses the mc command line tool for certain actions. See the mc Quickstart for installation instructions.

1) List Configured AMQP Endpoints In The Deployment

Use the mc admin config get command to list the currently configured AMQP service endpoints in the deployment:

mc admin config get ALIAS/ notify_amqp

Replace ALIAS with the alias of the MinIO deployment.

The command output resembles the following:

notify_amqp:primary delivery_mode="0" exchange_type="" no_wait="off" queue_dir="" queue_limit="0"  url="amqp://user:password@hostname:port" auto_deleted="off" durable="off" exchange="" internal="off" mandatory="off" routing_key=""
notify_amqp:secondary delivery_mode="0" exchange_type="" no_wait="off" queue_dir="" queue_limit="0"  url="amqp://user:password@hostname:port" auto_deleted="off" durable="off" exchange="" internal="off" mandatory="off" routing_key=""

The notify_amqp key is the top-level configuration key for an AMQP Service for Bucket Notifications. The url key specifies the AMQP service endpoint for the given notify_amqp key. The notify_amqp:<IDENTIFIER> suffix describes the unique identifier for that AMQP service endpoint.

Note the identifier for the AMQP service endpoint you want to update for the next step.

2) Update the AMQP Endpoint

Use the mc admin config set command to set the new configuration for the AMQP service endpoint:

mc admin config set ALIAS/ notify_amqp:<IDENTIFIER> \
   url="amqp://user:password@hostname:port" \
   exchange="<string>" \
   exchange_type="<string>" \
   routing_key="<string>" \
   mandatory="<string>" \
   durable="<string>" \
   no_wait="<string>" \
   internal="<string>" \
   auto_deleted="<string>" \
   delivery_mode="<string>" \
   queue_dir="<string>" \
   queue_limit="<string>" \
   comment="<string>"

The notify_amqp url configuration setting is the minimum required for an AMQP service endpoint. All other configuration settings are optional. See AMQP Service for Bucket Notifications for a complete list of AMQP configuration settings.

3) Restart the MinIO Deployment

You must restart the MinIO deployment to apply the configuration changes. Use the mc admin service restart command to restart the deployment.

mc admin service restart ALIAS

Replace ALIAS with the alias of the deployment to restart.

The minio server process prints a line on startup for each configured AMQP target similar to the following:

SQS ARNs: arn:minio:sqs::primary:amqp

4) Validate the Changes

Perform an action on a bucket which has an event configuration using the updated AMQP service endpoint and check the AMQP service for the notification data. The action required depends on which events were specified when configuring the bucket notification.

For example, if the bucket notification configuration includes the s3:ObjectCreated:Put event, you can use the mc cp command to create a new object in the bucket and trigger a notification.

mc cp ~/data/new-object.txt ALIAS/BUCKET