Federation Quickstart Guide Slack Federation feature is deprecated and should be avoided for future deployments

This document explains how to configure MinIO with Bucket lookup from DNS style federation.

Get started

1. Prerequisites

Install MinIO - MinIO Quickstart Guide.

2. Run MinIO in federated mode

Bucket lookup from DNS federation requires two dependencies

Architecture

bucket-lookup

Environment variables

MINIO_ETCD_ENDPOINTS

This is comma separated list of etcd servers that you want to use as the MinIO federation back-end. This should
be same across the federated deployment, i.e. all the MinIO instances within a federated deployment should use same
etcd back-end.

MINIO_DOMAIN

This is the top level domain name used for the federated setup. This domain name should ideally resolve to a load-balancer
running in front of all the federated MinIO instances. The domain name is used to create sub domain entries to etcd. For
example, if the domain is set to domain.com, the buckets bucket1, bucket2 will be accessible as bucket1.domain.com
and bucket2.domain.com.

MINIO_PUBLIC_IPS

This is comma separated list of IP addresses to which buckets created on this MinIO instance will resolve to. For example,
a bucket bucket1 created on current MinIO instance will be accessible as bucket1.domain.com, and the DNS entry for
bucket1.domain.com will point to IP address set in MINIO_PUBLIC_IPS.

Run Multiple Clusters

cluster1

export MINIO_ETCD_ENDPOINTS="http://remote-etcd1:2379,http://remote-etcd2:4001"
export MINIO_DOMAIN=domain.com
export MINIO_PUBLIC_IPS=44.35.2.1,44.35.2.2,44.35.2.3,44.35.2.4
minio server http://rack{1...4}.host{1...4}.domain.com/mnt/export{1...32}

cluster2

export MINIO_ETCD_ENDPOINTS="http://remote-etcd1:2379,http://remote-etcd2:4001"
export MINIO_DOMAIN=domain.com
export MINIO_PUBLIC_IPS=44.35.1.1,44.35.1.2,44.35.1.3,44.35.1.4
minio server http://rack{5...8}.host{5...8}.domain.com/mnt/export{1...32}

In this configuration you can see MINIO_ETCD_ENDPOINTS points to the etcd backend which manages MinIO's
config.json and bucket DNS SRV records. MINIO_DOMAIN indicates the domain suffix for the bucket which
will be used to resolve bucket through DNS. For example if you have a bucket such as mybucket, the
client can use now mybucket.domain.com to directly resolve itself to the right cluster. MINIO_PUBLIC_IPS
points to the public IP address where each cluster might be accessible, this is unique for each cluster.

NOTE: mybucket only exists on one cluster either cluster1 or cluster2 this is random and
is decided by how domain.com gets resolved, if there is a round-robin DNS on domain.com then
it is randomized which cluster might provision the bucket.

3. Test your setup

To test this setup, access the MinIO server via browser or mc. You’ll see the uploaded files are accessible from the all the MinIO endpoints.

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