Federation feature is deprecated and should be avoided for future deployments

Federation Quickstart Guide Slack

This document explains how to configure MinIO with Bucket lookup from DNS style federation.

Get started

1. Prerequisites

Install MinIO - MinIO Quickstart Guide.

2. Run MinIO in federated mode

Bucket lookup from DNS federation requires two dependencies



Environment variables


This is comma separated list of etcd servers that you want to use as the MinIO federation back-end. This should
be same across the federated deployment, i.e. all the MinIO instances within a federated deployment should use same
etcd back-end.


This is the top level domain name used for the federated setup. This domain name should ideally resolve to a load-balancer
running in front of all the federated MinIO instances. The domain name is used to create sub domain entries to etcd. For
example, if the domain is set to domain.com, the buckets bucket1, bucket2 will be accessible as bucket1.domain.com
and bucket2.domain.com.


This is comma separated list of IP addresses to which buckets created on this MinIO instance will resolve to. For example,
a bucket bucket1 created on current MinIO instance will be accessible as bucket1.domain.com, and the DNS entry for
bucket1.domain.com will point to IP address set in MINIO_PUBLIC_IPS.


Run Multiple Clusters


export MINIO_ETCD_ENDPOINTS="http://remote-etcd1:2379,http://remote-etcd2:4001"
export MINIO_DOMAIN=domain.com
minio server http://rack{1...4}.host{1...4}.domain.com/mnt/export{1...32}


export MINIO_ETCD_ENDPOINTS="http://remote-etcd1:2379,http://remote-etcd2:4001"
export MINIO_DOMAIN=domain.com
minio server http://rack{5...8}.host{5...8}.domain.com/mnt/export{1...32}

In this configuration you can see MINIO_ETCD_ENDPOINTS points to the etcd backend which manages MinIO's
config.json and bucket DNS SRV records. MINIO_DOMAIN indicates the domain suffix for the bucket which
will be used to resolve bucket through DNS. For example if you have a bucket such as mybucket, the
client can use now mybucket.domain.com to directly resolve itself to the right cluster. MINIO_PUBLIC_IPS
points to the public IP address where each cluster might be accessible, this is unique for each cluster.

NOTE: mybucket only exists on one cluster either cluster1 or cluster2 this is random and
is decided by how domain.com gets resolved, if there is a round-robin DNS on domain.com then
it is randomized which cluster might provision the bucket.

3. Upgrading to etcdv3 API

Users running MinIO federation from release RELEASE.2018-06-09T03-43-35Z to RELEASE.2018-07-10T01-42-11Z, should migrate the existing bucket data on etcd server to etcdv3 API, and update CoreDNS version to 1.2.0 before updating their MinIO server to the latest version.

Here is some background on why this is needed - MinIO server release RELEASE.2018-06-09T03-43-35Z to RELEASE.2018-07-10T01-42-11Z used etcdv2 API to store bucket data to etcd server. This was due to etcdv3 support not available for CoreDNS server. So, even if MinIO used etcdv3 API to store bucket data, CoreDNS wouldn't be able to read and serve it as DNS records.

Now that CoreDNS supports etcdv3, MinIO server uses etcdv3 API to store bucket data to etcd server. As etcdv2 and etcdv3 APIs are not compatible, data stored using etcdv2 API is not visible to the etcdv3 API. So, bucket data stored by previous MinIO version will not be visible to current MinIO version, until a migration is done.

CoreOS team has documented the steps required to migrate existing data from etcdv2 to etcdv3 in this blog post. Please refer the post and migrate etcd data to etcdv3 API.

4. Test your setup

To test this setup, access the MinIO server via browser or mc. You’ll see the uploaded files are accessible from the all the MinIO endpoints.

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